Water in the Bible | The Water Page

Because the Bible was written in a part of the world where water is scarce it is not surprising that water features significantly in the lives of the people. The scarceness of water was very serious and drought was often as a result of the wrath of God. The prophets Elijah, Jeremiah and Haggai all predict drought as punishment from God (1 Kings 17:1, Jeremiah 14: 1-6 and Haggai 1: 10-11 respectively). Conversely rainfall is a sign of God’s favour and goodness.Water was often associated with danger and death, as in the story of the Great Flood, the drowning of the Egyptians in the Red Sea and the fear of the sea and deep waters expressed by the Psalmists as in Psalm 32:6For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters they shall not come nigh unto him.Polluted and undrinkable water was also very serious. One of the plagues of Egypt was turning the waters of the Nile river to blood (Exodus 7:14-24). When the Israelites left the Red Sea and came to Marah they found the water there bitter and complained to Moses. God allowed Moses to perform the miracle of making the water sweet and restored the Israelites faith in Him (Exodus 15:22-27).In warfare it was common practice to cut off a city’s water supply as Jehosaphat did with the wells of Moab (2 Kings 3:19-25). Water was also important for cleansing. Priests were washed at their consecration (Exodus 29:4), special ablutions were demanded for priests on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:4, 24, 26) and of all men for the removal of ceremonial pollution (Leviticus 11:40, 15:15, Deuteronomy 23:11 etc).Water is also symbolic of God’s blessing and spiritual refreshment and is used many times in the Bible. The following are just a few examples: In Ezekial’s vision of God’s house the waters that poured from under the threshold represent the unrestricted flow of God’s blessings upon his people (Ezekiel 47:1-12).Jeremiah describes God as ” the fountain of living waters” (Jeremiah 2:13, 17:13).In the New Testament water is connected with the gift of eternal life. Some examples are