Water Biomes | The Water Page

Water Biomes The earth is filled with a variety of climates that give life to different plant species. A large area that shares the same weather patterns and plant species is known as a biome. Many experts agree that seven biomes make up our world. Water makes up three-fourths of Earth’s surface and creates two of its biomes: the freshwater biome and the marine or saltwater biome. The freshwater biome includes ponds, rivers, streams, and other bodies of water with little salt in them. The marine biome consists of the oceans, which contain plenty of saltwater.Ponds and LakesTop Layer: 19-25°CMiddle Layer: 8-19°CBottom Layer: 4-8°C Rivers and StreamsLarge in sizeFlow into the oceanMore abundant in areas of heavy rain Smaller than riversJoin other stream to form riversThe OceanPacific Ocean – The Pacific Ocean separates North and South America from Asia and Australia. It is further divided into the North Pacific Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.Atlantic Ocean – The Atlantic Ocean separates the coasts of North and South America from the coasts of Europe and Africa. Indian Ocean – The Indian Ocean separates Africa and southern Asia from Australia and stretches down toward the South Pole.Arctic Ocean – The Arctic Ocean is found in the Arctic, the area where the North Pole is located. Southern Ocean – The Southern Ocean encompasses Antarctica at the South Pole. Some argue that the Southern Ocean should not be considered a separate ocean at all, but generally it is included on the list. WetlandsWater Biomes Information